Lapalala Wilderness Reserve has offered various breeding programs since 1981. They were on the forefront of private rhino conservation in successfully purchasing white rhino. In 1990 they had an opportunity to acquire ﬁve black rhino and today the numbers have increased substantially in the reserve. As a result, Lapalala Wilderness is now one of the most important rhino sanctuaries in Africa, thanks to the dedication of highly motivated rangers and security guards.
Roan are physically the second largest antelope species in Africa. These handsome animals have strikingly marked faces, large prominent ears with tufted ends, and long, sharp recurved horns. Their coats are reddish-brown with lighter undersides, and this mixture of colours gives them their name. Although still relatively common in Central and Western Africa, Roan are becoming increasingly scarce in South Africa. Lapalala embarked on a dedicated breeding program and many Roan calves have been born as a result of this very successful program.
Buffalo are also an important part of the ecological process, and historically were known to roam throughout Southern Africa, apart from many of the drier regions. However in an effort to control the spread of diseases prevalent amongst buffalo conﬁnements to the north-western corner of the country around the Kruger National Park have been established across which buffalo may not be moved. Thus, until recently, the only disease-free animals came from herds at the Addo Elephant National Park in the Eastern Cape. Recent innovative projects have seen new stocks of buffalo bred to be clear of disease. These projects are strictly controlled and the animals may only be moved after various vet—supervised tests.
Lapalala associate Elandsberg Farms, in the Western Cape, has been part of a successful buffalo-breeding project for over 10 years and numerous buffalo have been transported to Lapalala, where they are regularly monitored.
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